Howard Johnson’s permanent Magnet Motor

January 13, 2011

updated 12-31-2014

United States Patent

Johnson; Howard R.
3300 Mt. Hope Rd.,
Grass Lake, MI 49240

Filed: December 6, 1973

“Preferably, a plurality of armature magnets are used which are staggered with respect to each other in the direction of armature magnet movement. Such an offsetting or staggering of the armature magnets distributes the impulses of force imposed upon the armature magnets and results in a smoother application of forces to the armature magnet producing a smoother and more uniform movement of the armature component.”

this drawing is not part of the patent submission.

“In the rotary embodiment of the permanent magnet motor of the invention the stator magnets are arranged in a circle, and the armature magnets rotate about the stator magnets. Means are disclosed for producing relative axial displacement between the stator and armature magnets to adjust the axial alignment thereof, and thereby regulate the magnitude of the magnetic forces being imposed upon the armature magnets. In this manner the speed of rotation of the rotary embodiment may be regulated.”

“pay no attention to the ferrite graph (fig 1-4),
it belongs in some other patent!” -HJ *

“We don’t grant patents on perpetual motion machines,” said the examiners at the U.S. Patent Office. “It won’t work because it violates the law of Conservation of Energy,” said one physicist after another. But because, inventor Howard Johnson is not the sort of man to be intimidated by such seemingly authoritative pronouncements, he now owns U.S. Patent No. 4,151,431 which describes how it is possible to generate motive power, as in a motor, using only the energy contained in the atoms of permanent magnets. That’s right. Johnson has discovered how to build motors that run without an input of electricity or any other kind of external energy!

The monumental nature of the invention is obvious, especially in a world facing an alarming, escalating energy shortage. Yet inventor Johnson is not rushing to peddle his creation as the end-all solution to world- wide energy problems. He has more important work to do. First, there’s the need to refine his laboratory prototypes into workable practical devices -in particular a 5,000-watt electric power generator already in the building. His second and perhaps more difficult major challenge: persuade a host of skeptics that his ideas are indeed practical.

Johnson, who has been coping with disbelievers for decades, can be very persuasive in a face-to-face encounter because he can not do more than merely theorize; he can demonstrate working models that unquestionably create motion using only permanent magnets. When this writer was urged by the editor of Science & Mechanics to make a thousand mile pilgrimage to Blacksburg, Virginia, to meet with the inventor, he went there as an “open-minded skeptic” and as a former research Scientist determined not to be fooled. Within two days, this former skeptic had become a believer. Here’s why.

Doing the Unthinkable
Howard Johnson refuses to view the “laws” of science as somehow sacred, so doing the unthinkable and succeeding is second nature to him. If a particular law gets in the way, he sees no harm in going around it for a while to see if there’s something on the other side. Johnson explains the persistent opposition he experiences from the established scientific community this way: “Physics is a measurement science and physicists are especially determined to protect the ‘Law’ of Conservation of Energy. Thus the physicists become game wardens who tell us what laws’ we can’t violate. In this case they don’t even know what the game is. But they are so scared that I and my associates are going to violate some of these laws, that they have to get to the pass to head us off!”

The critics say Johnson offers a “free lunch” solution to energy problems, and that there can be no such thing. Johnson demurs, reminding repeatedly that he has never suggested that his invention provides something for nothing. He also points gut that no one talks about a “free lunch” when discussing extraction of enormous amounts of atomic power by means of nuclear reactors and atom bombs. In his mind, it’s much the same thing.

Johnson is the first to admit he doesn’t actually know where the power be has tapped derives. But he postulates that the energy may be associated with spinning electrons, perhaps in the form of a “presently unnamed atomic particle.” How do other physicists react to Johnson’s suggestion that there may be an atomic particle so far overlooked by nuclear physicists? Says Johnson: “I guess it’s fair to say that most of them are revolted.” On the other hand, a few converted scientists, including some who are associated with large and prestigious research laboratories, are intrigued enough to suggest that there should be a hunt for the answer, be it a “particle” or some other as yet unsuspected characteristic of atomic structure.

Before providing the answer, we need to face up to another question that undoubtedly nags in the minds of many readers: Is Johnson a bona fide researcher, or merely a “garage mechanic” mad inventor? As the following brief summary suggests, the inventor’s credentials appear to be impeccable. Following seven years of college and university training, Johnson worked on atomic energy projects at Oak Ridge, did magnetics research for Burroughs company, and served as scientific consultant to Lukens Steel. He has participated in the development of medical electrical products, including injection devices. For the military he invented a ceramic muffler that makes a portable motor generator silent at 50 feet; this has been in production for the past 18 years. His contributions to the motor industry include: a hysteresis brake; non-locking brake materials for anti- skid application, new methods of curing brake linings; and a method of dissolving asbestos fibers. He has also worked on silencers for small motors, a super charger, and has perfected a 92-pole no-brush generator to go in the wheel of Lincoln automobiles as a skid control; that last item reduced the cost to one-eighth of the cost of an earlier design by utilizing metal-filled plastics for the armature and field. In all, Johnson is connected with more than 30 patents in the fields of chemistry and physics.

I tried the experiment myself, and could feel the powerful magnetic forces at work as I placed the vehicle on the track. I gently eased the vehicle to the critical starting point, taking great care not to exert any kind of forward push, even inadvertently. I let go, Zip! It was on the floor again, at the other end of the track. Knowing that I would be asked if the track might have had a slant, I reversed the vehicle and started it from the opposite end of the track. It worked just as effectively in the reverse direction. In fact, the vehicle can even navigate a respectable upgrade. In light of these tests, and considering the remarkable speed of the vehicle, you can discount any notion that this was a simple “coasting” effect.

Incidentally, the photograph shows the vehicle about half ways along the track. It was “frozen” there by the electronic flash used to make the picture; there is no way of “posing” the vehicle in that position short of tying it down.

The second device has the U-shaped magnets standing on end in a rough circular arrangement oddly reminiscent of England’s Stonehenge. This assembly is mounted on a transparent plastic sheet supported on a plywood panel pivoted, underneath, on a free turning wheel obtained from a skateboard. As instructed, I eased the 8-ounce focusing magnet into the ring of larger magnets, keeping it at least four inches away from the ring. The 40 pound magnet assembly immediately began to turn and accelerated to a very respectable rotating speed which it maintained for as long as the focusing magnet was held in the magnetic field. When the focusing magnet was reversed, the large assembly turned in the opposite direction.

Since this assembly is clearly a crude sort of motor, there’s no doubt that it is indeed possible to construct a motor powered solely by permanent magnets.

All the patent drawings are shown above;
See the rest of the patent at


where I found the Science and Mechanics article:

more information:

Tom Bearden’s Tips on Building the H.J. Motor

more information on the H.J. magnet motor – several builders

List of several magnet motors – and a few others at

a case of repeated suppression !

“Howard is still working on getting another functioning unit constructed (he’s had numerous setbacks over the years after his working unit was vandalized by thieves that broke into Howard’s shop and stole only the magnets off that model, leaving many $K worth of other material nearby untouched).”

Here we have a well documented case of a man who succeeded in building a permanent magnet motor.
It is disappointing that the magnets are so difficult to shape (?) correctly that even he could not create a second set.


Howard Robert Johnson was born in 1919 in Pound, Virginia, USA, and died Jan. 2, 2008 in Blacksburg, VA. He is the researcher and inventor of an all magnet motor, which modern physics deigns impossible. The device generates motion, either rotary or linear, from nothing but permanent magnets in rotor as well as stator, acting against each other. In his invention (called a “Permanent Magnet Motor”), a permanent magnet armature is magnetically propelled along a guided path by interaction with the field within a flux zone limited on either side of the path by an arrangement of permanent stator magnets.

The unofficial “father of spintronics,” pioneer researcher Howard Johnson began investigating magnetism in 1942 as a graduate student at Vanderbilt University, studying Bohr’s work on the electron.

The permanent magnet motor was conceived by Howard Johnson sometime after the 1940s.

He received U.S. Patent 4151431 (G.patent; PDF) on April 24, 1979. The United States Patent office main classification of his 4151431 patent is as a “electrical generator or motor structure, dynamoelectric, linear”.



For easy ways to build simple magnet motors, see our page

A Few Magnet Motors


Alfred Hubbard’s Generator

Tesla’s Electric Car

Tesla, Radiant Energy, page 1



35 Responses to Howard Johnson’s permanent Magnet Motor

  1. Shencottah Algappan Natarajan on May 4, 2015 at 11:24 pm

    Furnish me the address and email id to enable purchase “h.j. motor”

    you need to read this page to understand what is possible and what is not. Also, search for others who have experimented.

  2. Evans kimtai on February 23, 2015 at 3:54 am

    Im an electrical kenyan student and got a new approach on how it can work. Ask me how.

  3. bertus on February 16, 2015 at 3:36 pm

    i love this motor thanks to Howard Johnson. you the best. please help me built a magnet motor. please tell me where i can find the magnets to built one. i love you guys. remember Howard i will never forget you many thanks.

    go to our page “A Few Magnet Motors”

  4. misonimiss on December 31, 2014 at 6:42 am

    wanna know the drawing of free energy generator

    go to our page “A Few Magnet Motors”

  5. King on December 20, 2014 at 2:08 pm

    Wonderful information. This is what mankind should know these days that energy is present everywhere around us naturally. Electricity can be created as long as atmospheric temperture is above absolute zero. However I feel for the vast majoritys of our people out there that are distracted by the muck transmitted on TV. … and many more brain cell killing adverts, All of that meaningless muck, I have ordered several different neodynium magnets from ebay with pulling strengths ranging from 0.80 kg to 8.1 kg forces. I will be building small prototype magnet motors with different magnets, angles of push, and distances from the magnets. When I create the best possible outcome for the machine I will then construct the magnet motor, upload the information on YouTube, what materials to purchase, and how to construct the machine with the drawings. Our goal here folks is to crash the oil industrys into nothing and do to them billionairs what they have done to us and all the poor childerin in the third world countrys. The government must pay for the decades of mysery they have put upon us. With every household in the world having a simple magnet motor to power our homes installed, just imadgen the other ideas that will occur to power our cars and everything else that needs energy. Watch this space…
    Mr King

    good approach; and to share it with the world is the only way. keep us posted.
    See our pages “A Few Magnet Motors” and “Run Your Car On Vapors” for other good examples.

  6. Ahibhusan on November 14, 2014 at 6:44 am

    It is really beyond my comprehension as to why the whole world including the leading entities in the field of science, society, business, nation and other fields are silent and seems not willing to promote or venture a filed of “Free energy” which is green and most probably will change the history of mankind. Is it because of the fact that the idea itself is a potential danger to the human existence, its so called “Debit – Credit” based civilization, and too detrimental for the so called “ever true” Second Law of Thermo-dynamics” which governs the entire field of today’s science? Even patents have been denied in most of the cases, where patents have been granted even for some imaginary totally non-workable gadgets!!Is it because all the “Free energy devices” are a hoax? But at different corners of the world, everyday or the other someone invents / reinvents the device and challenges the scientist to prove they are wrong. Can anybody provide the answer?

    one short answer is “follow the money”

  7. Mita on April 4, 2014 at 7:04 pm

    Magnetic generator self running free energy complete unit set motor,5kw / 10kw
    I would like to run our house with generator power.
    Many thanks. – Mita D Coloka

  8. Wadih on February 22, 2014 at 4:08 pm

    I am wadih ghosn. From lebanon
    we interested for : Permanent Magnetic generator self running free energy complete unit set motor :
    . . .
    For trust your product Waiting your reply Our email: wadih.ghosn – at – : Our skype: nilotic17
    Best regards
    Wadih ghosn

    Re-read this page and read our page “A Few Magnet Motors”

  9. Free on November 14, 2013 at 3:33 pm

    “pay no attention to the ferrite graph (fig 1-4),
    it belongs in some other patent!” -HJ *

    That looks like it would be in Lester Hendershot’s Patent if he ever made a patent. It could be copies of his notes? A standard inductor of wire wrapped around an iron rod, then 4 inductors within a ring magnet. Ring magnet has copper wrappings around it. The Power Gain is then around 4 from the 4 inductors in series within the magnetic flux, based ideally upon the turns of wire per inductor and outer copper wrappings around the ring magnet.

  10. Free on November 13, 2013 at 2:58 pm

    I wonder how many of these commenters are fake ID’s from small business entrepreneurs looking for the easy way to buy it low and sell it high for 50 times more. They’ll even hire technical experts at low to minimum wages to maximize their greed without a care to how it actually works.

  11. Harry on October 22, 2013 at 6:46 pm

    hi. Would anyone know the brakehorse power of a Johnson magnetic motor.

    Many thanks

  12. Amol on October 15, 2013 at 2:24 am

    Howard R. Johnson is the Magnet-Powered Motor / generator scientist give me your address and mail id
    Amol Deshpande

  13. Kulkarni on October 15, 2013 at 2:18 am

    plz give me a address and phon no. i want to this product

  14. stanley on October 3, 2013 at 4:42 am

    please help me get contacts on how I can buy a h.j. motor for project work. I need quit some numbers and specification for a project. thanks for assistance – stanley onavwose

  15. Damian on September 20, 2013 at 4:10 pm

    I have no doubt the motor works however magnets loose there magnetism when used in the manner described – does anybody have any idea how long a motor could run under load?

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